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Access to Sustainable Energy and Efficient Energy Use

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Analysis and strategy statements on these thematic areas were elaborated in the first draft of the Annual Plan 2005-2006, as result of consultations of stakeholders in a series of workshops held in Thimphu, Bhutan, November 2005.

The UNDP Initiative for Sustainable Development states that to meet socio-economic development goals, people and countries must have adequate energy services to meet the household needs of their population, as well as the needs of their productive and service sector. Increases in economic output, population, and urbanisation trends in developing countries mean that energy service requirements will inevitable increase.

› Benin, Bhutan, Costa Rica

Analysis and strategy statements on these thematic areas were elaborated in the first draft of the Annual Plan 2005-2006, as result of consultations of stakeholders in a series of workshops held in Thimphu, Bhutan, November 2005.

The economies of Bhutan, Benin and Costa Rica require more energy everyday for their development, while household energy consumption increases progressively with changing lifestyles. Production of energy has a high impact on the environment and may contribute to the continuous deterioration of natural resources.

  • In Benin, electricity is generated by conventional methods. The majority of rural and poor households depend on wood and charcoal as sources of fuel.
  • Bhutan is self-sufficient in energy generated by run-off-river hydro power. Yet, many rural households are not connected to the national energy grid.
  • In Costa Rica, 70% of the total electric energy is generated by hydro-electrical plants, 18% by fossil fuels generators, 8% by geo-thermal plants and 4% by wind-powered plants. There is an initiative to incorporate the cost of water protection in the energy price. The energy sector is also the one generating more greenhouse gas emissions. At the same time, within the energy sector, transportation represents the strongest source of emissions. But also, a high percentage of emissions is produced by the industry, thus promoting different initiatives for clean sources of energy replacing fuels.

With the exception of hydraulically-produced energy, the costs of electricity are generally increasing. Less-endowed households progressively become excluded from electricity use and turn to traditional sources of fuel which are often illegally obtained. Enhancing efficient energy use does not only have positive effects on the environment but may also be the key to the accessibility of clean energy to less-endowed households.

› Immediate PSSC Objective 4

Contribute to enhance access to sustainable energy in Benin, Bhutan and Costa Rica: especially for less endowed families; promoting clean production and efficient use of energy.

› Expected results

  • A series of successful and innovative energy projects implemented at grass-root level.
  • Better access to electric and clean energy for multiple purposes y the rural areas (especially Bhutan and Benin).
  • Reinforced alliances and policy dialogue on the renewable and sustainable energy theme in each country.
  • Some larger investment projects (public / private partnerships) for renewable energy of access improvement designed or under way.